Hospital executives pursue external recognition to improve market share and demonstrate institutional commitment to quality of care.
The Magnet Recognition Program® of the American Nurses Credentialing Center identifies hospitals that epitomize nursing excellence, but it is not clear receiving Magnet recognition improves patient outcomes.
Using Medicare data on patients hospitalized for coronary artery bypass graft surgery, colectomy, or lower-extremity bypass in 1998-2010, rates of risk-adjusted 30-day mortality and failure to rescue were compared between Magnet and non-Magnet hospitals matched on hospital characteristics.
Surgical patients treated in Magnet hospitals, compared to those treated in non-Magnet hospitals, were 7.7% less likely to die within 30 days and 8.6% less likely to die after a postoperative complication.
Across the 13-year study period, patient outcomes were significantly better in Magnet hospitals than in non-Magnet hospitals.
However, outcomes did not improve for hospitals after they received Magnet recognition, which suggests the Magnet program recognizes existing excellence and does not lead to additional improvements in surgical outcomes.
Read the article on PubMed.