Relevant literature reports a range of poor clinical outcomes thought to be preventable if specific care processes were consistently implemented. The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality released a report describing the state of the science around nursing home safety in order to establish a research agenda for moving the field forward.
Overall, safety outcomes per se have not been well studied in nursing homes; however, outcomes associated with quality of care and, in some cases, quality of life have been studied, and those outcomes may be inexorably linked to safety outcomes.
These negative outcomes related to (and potentially contributing to) negative safety outcomes include catheter left in bladder and physical restraints, as well as documented conditions, including unintentional weight loss, decline in activities of daily living, fecal/urinary incontinence, depressive symptoms, and pain.
Read the full report, Simmons et al. (2016). Resident safety practices in nursing home settings. Technical Brief No. 24. AHRQ Publication No. 16-EHC022-EF. Rockville, MD: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.