• 2019 GAPNA Pharmacology Conference: Contemporary Pharmacology and Prescribing in Older AdultsJoin us at the 2019 GAPNA Pharmacology Conference:
    Contemporary Pharmacology and Prescribing in Older Adults

    March 28-30, 2019, Chicago Hilton, Chicago, IL.

    Earn up to 11.5 CNE hours.

     

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  • Poster PresentationCALL FOR: Podium and Poster Abstracts

    For the 37th GAPNA Annual Conference
    at the Paris Hotel
    Las Vegas, Oct. 2-5, 2019

    GAPNA members are invited to submit an abstract about their innovative work, that should enrich the APRN's knowledge and/or enhance the care of an older adult.

    Submit by March 15, 2019!

  • W A N T E D   G A P N A   L E A D E R S!
    Call for Nominations!

    Have you ever considered stepping forward, accepting the challenge and volunteering for a position on the 2019 National Board of Directors? Register online NOW by April 1, 2019!

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  • Gerontology Resources for APRNs in Acute and Emergent Care Settings ToolkitCareer Center

     
    NEW! The goal of the Gerontology Resources for APRNs in Acute and Emergent Care Settings (“Acute Care Resource Guide”) is to make geriatric and gerontological content easily accessible to those caring for older adults in higher acuity care settings.

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  • FREE continuing education credit is available for the following session:

    "Diastolic Heart Failure Management"

    (session captured at the GAPNA 2017 Annual Conference)


    For Jan/Feb 2019 - Get Your Free CNE Now!

  • Poster PresentationONLINE NOW:

    2018 GAPNA Conference Poster Presentations

    Note the latest trends in the care, education, and research of the older adult population.

     

    View the 2018 Poster Presentations from the Annual Conference!

Loss of Vision Associated with Loss of Cognition

Loss of vision may be associated with cognitive function impairment in older people, according to a study by researchers supported in part by National Institute on Aging.

The investigators sought to determine which factor – declining vision or cognitive function – contributed more to the association over time. They identified declining vision as having a greater association with cognitive deterioration than the reverse. Study results appeared in JAMA Ophthalmology online on June 28, 2018.

Visual impairment affects almost 3 million older adults in the United States. This can significantly affect physical and psychological health, resulting in reduced quality of life. The prevalence of blindness and visual impairment increases with age, particularly among people aged 75 and older.

For this research, Diane Zheng of the University of Miami and colleagues analyzed data from the Salisbury Eye Evaluation Study, a longitudinal study that enrolled more than 2,500 participants aged 65-84 in the Salisbury area of Maryland. The study team used the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study chart to measure visual acuity, and the Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) to measure cognitive function; participants were assessed in four rounds between 1993 and 2003.

The percent of participants with MMSE scores indicating cognitive impairment increased from 11% at baseline to 20.6% in the fourth round. Visual impairment was associated with poor cognitive function both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. Worsening vision had a stronger association with declining cognition than the reverse. Researchers noted maintaining good vision may be an important strategy for reducing age-related cognitive decline.

For details, see Zheng, D. et al. (2018). Longitudinal associations between visual impairment and cognitive functioning: The Salisbury eye evaluation study. JAMA Ophthalmology, 136(9), 989-995. doi:0.1001/jamaophthalmol.2018.2493

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