According to a new research review from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Effective Health Care Program comparing characteristics and related outcomes of nursing homes and other residential long-term care settings for people with dementia, pleasant sensory stimulation, such as calm music, may reduce agitation for people with dementia.
Also, while more research is necessary, some evidence suggests protocols for individualized care, such as for showering and bathing, can reduce pain, discomfort, agitation, and aggression.
Functional skill training may also improve physical function in basic activities of daily living.
Overall, outcomes for people with dementia do not differ between nursing homes and residential care/assisted living settings, except for people needing medical care, who may benefit more from a nursing home setting.
Access this review and visit AHRQ’s Effective Health Care Program Website.