• W A N T E D   G A P N A   L E A D E R S!
    Call for Nominations!

    Have you ever considered stepping forward, accepting the challenge and volunteering for a position on the 2019 National Board of Directors? Register online NOW by April 1, 2019!

    Step Up - NOW is the Time! Register Here>

  • 2019 GAPNA Pharmacology Conference: Contemporary Pharmacology and Prescribing in Older AdultsJoin us in Chicago for our 5th conference!

    2019 GAPNA Pharmacology Conference:
    Contemporary Pharmacology and Prescribing in Older Adults

    March 28-30, 2019, Chicago Hilton, Chicago, IL

    Earn up to 11.5 CNE hours

    Register Now

  • Gerontology Resources for APRNs in Acute and Emergent Care Settings ToolkitCareer Center

    NEW! The goal of the Gerontology Resources for APRNs in Acute and Emergent Care Settings (“Acute Care Resource Guide”) is to make geriatric and gerontological content easily accessible to those caring for older adults in higher acuity care settings.

    Learn more about the toolkit

  • FREE continuing education credit is available for the following session:

    "Diastolic Heart Failure Management"

    (session captured at the GAPNA 2017 Annual Conference)

    For November/December 2018 - Get Your Free CNE Now!

  • Poster PresentationONLINE NOW:

    2018 GAPNA Conference Poster Presentations

    Note the latest trends in the care, education, and research of the older adult population.


    View the 2018 Poster Presentations from the Annual Conference!

  • The GAPNA Clinical Resource Corner

    Designed Especially
    for the Gerontological Advanced Practice Registered Nurse

    With over 106+ categories, the short features/articles contain valuable information tailored especially for Gerontological APRN's that will help them with patients, as well as increase their knowledge of this field of nursing. All of the articles directly affect, involve, and impact the elderly.

    Go to the GAPNA Clinical Resource Corner

Clinical Pearls

Hallucination and Delusion

What Is the Difference Between Hallucination and Delusion?

According to the National Institute of Mental Health, hallucinations are false “sensory experiences.” Hallucinations are associated with the five senses. A delusion is a fixed, false belief that is inconsistent with the person’s culture.

Types of Hallucinations

  • Auditory: hearing voices that others cannot hear
  • Gustatory: experiencing taste without eating or drinking
  • Olfactory: smelling gas or fragrance that does not exist
  • Visual: seeing people or animals that others do not see
  • Tactile: the false perception of feeling bugs crawling on skin

Types of Delusions

  • Bizarre: phenomenon that is physically impossible
  • Grandiose: exaggerated power, money, knowledge, or fame
  • Thought broadcasting: believing thoughts are heard by others
  • Persecutory: believing one is harassed, conspired against, or assaulted
  • Erotomanic: believing another person has fallen in love with the individual

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Delusions: Glossary of technical terms. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental health disorders (5th ed.). Arlington, VA: Author.
National Institute of Mental Health. (n.d.). Schizophrenia. Retrieved from http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/schizophrenia-booklet-12-201....

Melodie Harris, PhD, APRN, GNP-BC
GPN Taskforce

Related Information:

Clinical Research Corner